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MOSAiC EXPEDITION

Written by Talent KAS

Related Topics: Arctic Expeditions, Climate Change

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The 32-year-old polar researcher from Kerala, Vishnu Nandan will be the only Indian aboard the Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) expedition

About MOSAiC Expedition

  • Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) is the largest ever Arctic expedition in history and is spearheaded by the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany.
  • The aim of the expedition will be to parameterize the atmospheric, geophysical, oceanographic and all other possible variables in the Arctic, and use it to more accurately forecast the changes in our weather systems.
  • The mission has received funding from U.S. institutions such as the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and NASA.
  • The icebreaker will be the base for scientists from 17 nations studying the impact of climate change on the Arctic and how it could affect the rest of the world.

Significance

  • It will be the first to conduct a study of this scale at the North Pole for an entire year.
  • Previous studies have been of shorter periods as the thicker sea ice sheets prevent access in winter.
  • This research vessel has thus locked itself into a large sea ice sheet, before the winter, and will drift along with it.
  • The Expedition will help the researchers better understand the impact of climate change and aid in improved weather projections.
[Source: The Hindu]

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