Daily Current Affairs November

Daily Current Affairs (04-11-19)

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

INDIA AND UZBEKISTAN BILATERAL RELATIONS

Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

International Relations [Paper-I]: India’s Foreign Policy, International Treaties and Forums, their structure and mandate

News

  • A bilateral meeting was held between Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and his Uzbekistan counterpart Major General Bakhodir Nizamovich Kurbanov, during his visit to Uzbekistan.
  • This was the first visit by an Indian Defence Minister to Uzbekistan in about 15 years.

Key Highlights

  • India and Uzbekistan inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on cooperation in the field of military medicine between the armed forces of the two countries.
  • Two institution-to-institution MoUs on training and capacity building were signed between institutes of higher military learning of the two countries.
  • The meeting also witnessed the first-ever exchange over a video-link between College of Defence Management in Secunderabad, India and the Armed Forces Academy of Uzbekistan, Tashkent.

Dustlik 2019

  • The two Defence Ministers presided over a curtain raiser of the first-ever India-Uzbekistan joint exercise Dustlik 2019 at Chirchiq Training Area near Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
  • The exercise, which is focused on counter-terrorism, will continue till November 13, 2019.
  • During the exercise, an Indian Army contingent will train along with Uzbekistan Army.
  • The exercise will enable sharing of best practices and experiences between the Armed Forces of the two countries and will lead to greater operational effectiveness.

Enhanced Relations

  • Enhanced level of engagement is reflected in the first ever meeting of the Joint Working Group (JWG) on Defence Cooperation in February 2019, visit of Defence Secretary of India in March 2019 and the first-ever Defence-Industry Workshop organised in Tashkent in September 2019.
  • India has offered a concessional line of credit of USD 40 million for procurement of goods and services by Uzbekistan from India.
[Source: PIB, Hindustan Times]

 

POLITY & GOVERNANCE

MEGHALAYA MADE REGISTRATION MANDATORY FOR VISITORS

Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Public Administration, Governance [Paper-1]: Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Issues and challenges pertaining to Federal Structure, Public Policy and Governance

News

The Meghalaya State cabinet approved the amendment to an act that seeks mandatory registration of outsiders for entering the State.

Need for the Amendment

There was an increasing demand to enhance vigil against influx of non-indigenous people in the hill state, following the implementation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam.

Amended Meghalaya Residents, Safety and Security Act, 2016

  • Meghalaya government approved the amendment of the Meghalaya Residents, Safety and Security Act, 2016 (MRSSA) in the form of an ordinance.
  • The ordinance, once implemented, will bring into effect inner line permit (ILP) like requirements operational in Mizoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh that require people from outside the state to register before entering.
  • Any person who is not a resident of Meghalaya and intends to stay more than 24 hours in the state will have to furnish information to the government.
  • This is done for their (outsiders) own interest as well as for the interest of the government and people of Meghalaya.
  • The provisions of the act will not apply to employees of the centre, state and district councils.
  • In case of violation, the offender will be liable to be punished under the section of 176 or 177 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860.

Background

MRSSA was passed in 2016 by the then Meghalaya government as a part of the comprehensive mechanism to check influx and illegal immigration into the state after expressing its inability to implement the Inner Line Permit (ILP).

[Source: The Hindu, Hindustan Times]

 

ECONOMY

FIRST EVER MOVEMENT OF CONTAINER CARGO ON BRAHMAPUTRA (NW -2)

Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Infrastructure in Indian Economy [Paper-II]: Inland Waterways

Why in News?

A landmark container cargo consignment will sail on inland waterways from Haldia Dock Complex (HDC) to the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) terminal at Pandu in Guwahati on 4 November, 2019.

News in Detail

  • The 12-15 days voyage will be an integrated IWT movement via National Waterway-1 (River Ganga), NW-97 (Sunderbans), Indo-Bangladesh Protocol (IBP) route and NW-2 (River Brahmaputra).
  • This is the first ever containerised cargo movement on this Inland Water Transport (IWT) route (NW-2).
  • The Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWTT) between India and Bangladesh allows mutually beneficial arrangements for the use of their waterways for movement of goods between the two countries by vessels of both countries.
  • The IBP route extends from Kolkata (India) on NW-1 to Silghat (Assam) on NW-2 (River Brahmaputra) and Karimganj (Assam) on NW-16 (River Barak).

Significance

  • The 1425 km long movement is expected to establish the technical and commercial viability of IWT mode using these multiple waterways even as a series of pilot movements are planned on the stretch.
  • The latest IWT movement is aimed at providing a fillip to North East Region’s industrial development by opening up an alternate route for transportation of raw material and finished goods.

[Source: PIB]

 

FACTS OF THE DAY

NavIC
  • ISRO and its older commercial arm Antrix Corporation Ltd. are poised to commercialise India’s regional navigation satellite system, NavIC.
  • NavIC (Navigation in Indian Constellation) is the Indian system of eight satellites that is aimed at telling business and individual users where they are, or how their products and services are moving.
  • The indigenous positioning or location based service (LBS) works just like the established and popular U.S. Global Positioning System or GPS, but within a 1,500-km radius over the sub-continent.
  • In October, 2019, ISRO announced that Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., a leading producer of semiconductor chips, had developed and tested NavIC-friendly chipsets across its user bases.
  • NavIC system also got certification by the 3GPP (The 3rd Generation Partnership Project), a global body for coordinating mobile telephony standards.
GLYPHOSATE-BASED HERBICIDES
  • German pharma company Bayer is facing thousands of lawsuits over its glyphosate-based herbicides for their alleged cancer risks.
  • The herbicides, based on glyphosate were first developed in 1970.
  • Glyphosate is scientifically N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine under the IUPAC system of nomenclature.
  • It is applied to the leaves of plants to kill weeds.
  • In 2015, WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer published a study that found that glyphosate is “probably carcinogenic to humans”.
  • According to a 2016 bulletin published by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), the weedkiller in India goes by various brand names, including Roundup, Glycel, and Brake.
MO PARIVAR
  • Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, who is also president of the ruling Biju Janata Dal (BJD), launched a social service initiative named ‘Mo Parivar’.
  • It is aimed at encouraging environment protection, blood donation and the welfare of Odias in distress.
  • Under the programme, BJD party leaders will dedicate themselves to protect environment and undertake massive plantation drive of trees by creating awareness among people about environment protection.
  • The initiative will also come to the rescue of Odias stranded in foreign countries.

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